According to archaeologists and scientists homo sapience started eating nuts long before the discovery of fire.
 

PEANUTS

The peanut (Chinese nut or groundnut) is the generic name of the plant of the legume family. Brazil is considered to be the home for peanuts, but they are also widely cultivated in Africa, Europe and Asia. There are about 70 species of this plant.

Peanuts, like other nuts, are rich in fats and proteins; 100 gram serving of peanuts contains: water - 10.1 g, carbohydrates - 9.9 g; B (B1, B3, B2), E, C vitamins; minerals - potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, calcium, and iron. Moreover, peanuts are a source of monounsaturated fats the human body needs. Due to its nutritional value and quick satiety, peanuts are ideal for a snack. Peanuts are used both raw and roasted. In cooking, roasted peanuts are used more frequently, in particular in confectionery, for making cakes, desserts, sweets, chocolate bars, as well as for making peanut butter and paste. The nut is also used as an ingredient for salads, adding savour to them. There has been a continuous discussion concerning which are healthier, roasted or raw peanuts? We definitely incline to the second option. It is the raw peanut that is more beneficial, as only live food has all the necessary enzymes to be digested and assimilated by the body at most, while roasted peanuts are rather something delicious than healthy food, although they also have, though little, but benefit. The peanut is a natural antioxidant, therefore it has beneficial properties for preventing and treating cancer and the diseases of the cardiovascular system.

Due to its high protein content the nut is recommended to people who are exposed to severe physical stress, as well as to those who are debilitated and underweight. Peanuts are rich in coenzyme Q 10 which protects the heart during oxygen deficit and the clogging of blood vessels. And do you know that in one quarter cup of peanuts contains as much fat as in a tablespoon of olive oil.
Monounsaturated fats found in peanuts help to reduce blood cholesterol levels. The research showed that even small amounts of peanuts included in the diet may reduce the “bad” cholesterol by 14 percent. The high content of vitamin E (antioxidant) significantly reduces the risk of cancer and stroke attack. Eating peanuts regularly promotes the proper functioning of red blood cells and strengthens bone tissues.

Peanuts may influence the aging process and skin cell renewal. In addition, they may improve memory, attention and hearing, so eating a handful of peanuts regularly may prolong your youth and beauty.

HAZELNUTS

The hazelnut (cobnut or filbert) is another nut with a number of benefits necessary for human body. 100 grams of hazelnut (filbert) contain: proteins - 12,5 g, fats - 63,5 g, carbohydrates - 14 g, B vitamins (B1, B2, B6), E vitamins, as well as minerals - iron, zinc, potassium, magnesium, sodium, and fatty acids - stearic, palmitic, oleic.

The calorie value of the hazelnut (filbert) is quite high and a 100 g serving provides 680 kcal and can serve an adequate replacement for vegetable proteins, fats and minerals the human body needs. Accordingly, 300 g of hazelnut kernels equal the number of calories a person needs per day.

As foodstuff, hazelnuts are recommended to be included in a diet for anemia and diseases of the cardiovascular system, varix dilatation, enlarged prostate gland, phlebitis, venous ulcers of the lower leg, and for urolithiasis. Hazelnuts contain substances that contribute to body cleansing, remove toxins, boost the immune system. They may help people with diabetes, chronic fatigue, and hypertension. Regular consumption of hazelnuts is beneficial for strengthening teeth and bones, normalizing blood formation, the functioning of the muscle and nervous systems.

Hazelnut oil contains fatty acids, which protect the heart and blood vessels from damage, prevent the accumulation of cholesterol in the blood and promote the normal growth and development of tissues.

Hazelnuts are traditionally used in manufacturing confectionery and sweets. Whole hazelnuts are roasted and added to bars of dark chocolate, sweets, and used as confectionery decorations. The hazelnut paste made from crushed kernels is used as a filler for breakfast cereals, as an additive in the manufacture of cream, caramel, icing, and ice cream.

The hazelnut here is nutritious and beneficial that gives not only pleasure but also provides a lot of benefits to our body.

WALNUTS

The walnut is the fruit of the nut tree. Central Asia is considered to be the home for walnuts. 100 grams of walnuts contains: water - 4.5 g, protein - 16 g, fat - 66 g, carbohydrates - 10 g, fiber - 1.6 g; vitamins - PP, C, E, A, B, B2 and B1, B9, zinc, potassium, magnesium, iron, manganese, phosphorus, and copper; and more than 20 amino acids. The nutritional value of walnuts is about 647 kcal / 100g, so one should consume it moderately and make sure to include it in the diet.

Especially as because their excellent taste characteristics they are often included in various vegetable salads (e.g. carrot salad with walnuts, cauliflower salad with sheep cheese and walnuts) and fruit salads, breakfast cereals, desserts (e.g. pumpkin with cinnamon and walnuts), confectionaries and even bread. Consuming 6-8 walnuts daily may prevent the skin from aging and increase mental activity, thanks to its high content of Omega - 3, which is responsible for staying young and sane for many years. The walnut is the champion of high-grade vegetable protein contained in it.

Walnuts may significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, and, if regularly used, decrease the level of excess cholesterol in the blood. A diet free of walnuts may cause irritability and depression. Walnuts are beneficial for both men and women; these nuts increases the potency in men and sexual activity in women. Walnuts have sugar lowering, general health-improving, wound healing, anti-inflammatory, and anthelminthic effect.

Walnuts are good for people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and liver and kidneys, atherosclerosis, constipation, infertility, mastopathy, impotence and myoma. Walnuts can be recommended for individuals who have a deficiency of iron and cobalt salts in the body.

Magnesium and potassium contained in walnuts make them useful in anemia. The high content of E and A vitamins has a beneficial effect on vascular functioning and prevents from blood clots. In cosmetology walnuts and walnut oil have been added in face, body and hand creams, as well as in perfumery. Eat walnuts and stay young and healthy!

CASHEW

Cashews are the seeds of the evergreen tree that hang on a stalk in shape resembling an apple or pear. The stalk is edible. Cashews are native for Brazil. Like other congeners, cashew nuts are rich in (per 100 grams): water - 5.5 g, protein – 18 g, fats – 49 g, carbohydrates - 22 g, fiber – 3 g, as well as vitamins - K, A, PP, E, (B5, B1, B6, B2, B3, B9), minerals - iron, iodine, zinc, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, copper, selenium, the unsaturated fatty acid omega - 3. Cashew nuts are rather oily and have a delicate taste. The calorie value of cashews is about 601 kcal per 100 g. In cooking cashew nuts are used in sauces, salads (warm salad with dried apricots, asparagus and cashew nuts), confectionaries, baked goods, and added in dried fruits, the first and second courses, honey.

Cashew nuts catalyze the exchange of fatty acids and proteins in the body, lowering blood cholesterol levels, ensuring the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system, and boosting the immune system. Incidentally, these nuts are considered to be an aphrodisiac and may prevent cancer, improve appetite and prevent osteochondrosis.

Cashews eaten complimentary are good for people with psoriasis, toothache, dystrophy, anemia, metabolic disorders. They are also useful in treating asthma, influenza, bronchitis, indigestion, hypertension and diabetes. They can be used to treat a sore throat and gums.

Not only cashew nuts have useful properties, but cashew oil as well, which is used in cosmetics: for massaging, enriching cosmetics, producing body and facial masks, hair care, making applications and skin care after sunbathing. If we continue the logical line of potatoes, corns, tomatoes, cocoa beans, the beneficial and delicious cashews will follow them.

ALMOND

Almonds are drupes with a smooth or wrinkled surface that cracks during ripening. Almond trees grow up to 5-8 meters, and blossom with white or pale pink flowers. Almonds have a bitter or sweet taste. 100g serving of almonds provides water - 5 g, proteins - 22 g, fat - 50 g, carbohydrates - 22 g; B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B5, B6, B9), E vitamins; minerals - potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and iron.

Among the varieties of nuts, almonds have the lowest caloric content of about 575 kcal per 100 g. Sweet almonds are used raw and salted, roasted, and as a spice in various dough products (e.g. low-calorie cheese muffins with almonds and apples), chocolate, sweets, and liqueurs. Roasted and salted almonds are served to some drinks. Not only almond drupes, but almond shells are in demand to color and flavour brandies, wines, and liqueurs.

Almond nuts are widely used in Indonesian and Chinese cuisine, where almonds and some citrus fruits are added to various dishes, especially to rice, roast poultry and as an ingredient of spices. Nuts, particularly almonds, are undoubtedly very beneficial, especially sweet almonds, which are recommended for high cholesterol levels, tumor diseases, hypertension, eye diseases, ulcers, obesity, heartburn and bile duct diseases. Almonds with honey or sugar are useful in asthma, cough, hemoptysis and pleurisy.

This nut has antispasmodic, analgesic, anthelmintic, and even to some extent, narcotic effect, it has a soothing effect on the skin, and can be recommended for treating lung and bladder related diseases.

Almonds are a rich source of nutrients for the human body, do not exclude it from the diet, just eat in moderation and stay healthy!

BRAZIL NUT

The Brazil nut is the most famous of “non-nuts”. The most delicious fruits are considered to be the nuts of Bertholletia excelsa, named after the French chemist Claude Louis Berthollet. This is a strong, beautiful, high (up to 50 m) tree with large oblong leaves and yellow flowers, gathered in panicles. Its fruits, called Brazil nuts, resemble oval capsules with a lid. The diameter of the capsules is about 15 cm and the weight is up to 2 kg. Each capsule contains from 12 to 24 cotyledons with a thin hard shell. This tree may live for 500 years and more.

The Brazil nut tree is native to Venezuela, Brazil, Guyana, eastern Bolivia, eastern Colombia and eastern Peru. It occurs in large forests on the banks of the Amazon, the Orinoco and the Rio Negro. Brazil nuts have still been harvested from wild trees only.

The Brazil nut contains a large amount of nutrients - protein (about 15%), fiber, magnesium, phosphorus, thiamine and selenium. It is also rich in niacin, A, E, B6 vitamins, copper, iron, potassium, calcium and zinc. The Brazil nut is rich in arginine (an amino acid that promotes blood clotting) and flavonoids (antioxidants important for the prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer).

Brazil nuts contain fat (over 60%) classified as unsaturated fats which help to reduce cholesterol levels in the blood. This nut contains alpha-linolenic acid which belongs to omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases.

Brazil nuts help to normalize blood sugar levels and to reduce the content of harmful cholesterol in the body. A few nuts a day may strengthen the nervous system and improve stress resistance.

This nut has a rejuvenating effect, as it fills up selenium deficiency in the body, and it is selenium that prevents people from premature aging. Furthermore, selenium, contained only in some foodstuff, helps to boost the immune system and prevent the development of cancer.

Brazil nuts can be consumed roasted, salted, sweetened or just raw. They are often added to ice cream and baked goods. Crushed Brazil nuts in salads and arious cold dishes add savour to them.

PISTACHIO

The pistachio is a small genus of evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs of Anacardiaceae family which grow primarily in subtropical and tropical regions of the Old and New Worlds.

Pistachio seeds have been consumed for more than 2.5 thousand years. They were especially revered in Persia where they symbolized wealth. Pistachio trees are cultivated in Greece, Syria, Iran, Spain, Italy, the USA, Turkey and other countries. Pistachio seeds are harvested in late July - early August. The fruit is a drupe.

The nuts dried in the sun can be stored at least a year. They can also be soaked in saline solution and roasted. A 100 gram serving of pistachios provides 556 total calories. Pistachios have high nutritional value containing more than 50 % of fat, as well as protein and carbohydrates. They have a tonic effect and can be recommended as part of treatment for chronic fatigue.

The fruits contain up to 3.5% sucrose, organic acids (acetic acid), 4.6% of protein, fiber, 48-76% fatty oil with 80% unsaturated fatty acids, tocopherols, higher fatty acids, anthocyanins. They are rich in E vitamin, a natural antioxidant which can help to rejuvenate the body.

The fruits contain tannin known in medicine as an astringent and used in external applications for burns. When poisoning they can be recommended as an antidote for its ability to precipitate heavy metals, glycosides and alkaloids. In folk medicine, the fruits of pistachios are used in cachexy, tuberculosis and thoracic diseases. Pistachios contain antioxidants that help to normalize the cardiovascular system. Eating pistachios regularly helps to reduce cholesterol levels. There are plenty of culinary delights made with pistachios.

They are often used in cooking a variety of dishes or as a condiment for salads, ice cream, cakes, sweets and other confectioneries. But pistachios themselves, raw or dried, salted and roasted, can serve as an excellent snack or dessert. Pistachios are a combination of excellent flavor and health-giving properties. With amazing flavor pistachios are also very good for health.

MIXED NUTS

Mixed nuts are a snack food loved by everyone, both adults and children. Nutritionists and doctors recommend to include them in the diet and eat as a snack or meal. The energy potential of nuts is sufficient to charge the body with energy for at least 3 hours.

Mixed nuts combine all the vitamins and macro- and microelements contained in the ingredients. A perfect combination of taste and healthiness makes mixed nuts one of the most convenient and favorite foods with valuable nutrients. The snack is very good for the diet as it contains almost a complete range of vitamins and trace elements the human body needs.

Mixed nuts are very popular all over the world. A lot of people start their day with a nut cocktail, which charges them with energy and liveliness. Each ingredient has its own benefits. The peanut, for example, is an excellent prevention for many diseases, it may help to fight against early aging and cardiovascular related problems.

The walnut can eliminate vitamin deficiencies and anemia. The cashew contains a lot of calcium, zinc and selenium which help to improve teeth and skin. The hazelnut or filbert is beneficial in anemia and chronic fatigue. The almond is a rich source of nutrients. It may boost the immune system and improve overall health. If you care about your health, include nuts in your daily diet.